Writing Essays in the Secondary ELA Classroom

Are you looking for some new strategies or ideas for teaching essay writing? Whether you are teaching online or in class this year, teaching essay writing is always challenging. Here are three tips for teaching students how to research, structure, and write an essay that work for in-person instruction and remote learning.

Assigning a Graphic Essay

One way that Christina, The Daring English Teacher, incorporates essay writing skills into her high school English class is by incorporating a graphic essay into her curriculum. After teaching all of the essential essay writing skills including how to properly embed quotes, how to write a thesis statement, and how to explain the evidence, The Daring English Teacher likes to shake things up a bit by assigning this alternate to the traditional 5-paragraph essay.

A graphic essay, or a visual essay, is a graphic representation of an essay. It combines all of the essay writing skills students use when writing a traditional essay along with essential career and college readiness skills of graphic design and presentation. You can grab a free graphic essay assignment sampler and read more about the activity in this post.

Starting off Right With Research

As a part-time librarian and English teacher, Addie Williams is passionate about teaching research skills and essay writing. She also knows the importance of starting students off on the right foot if they are writing a research essay. Too often students want to jump right in and start writing without fully understanding what they need to research and how to find the information. So, Addie spends time with students helping them establish an essential or foundation question before they start writing their essay. Once students have a clear goal they can then begin the research process and hopefully stay on track with their writing.

The time she spends teaching students how to plan and approach their research pays off when students are able to put together a well-researched and written essay. You can read more about how Addie approaches teaching research skills in her post HERE. You can also grab a FREE Research Planning Activity HERE to use with students with any research essay or project!

Essay Writing Escape Room 

Writing essays can feel tedious to students. Teaching essays can feel tiring to teachers. The Classroom Sparrow's one essay teaching tip is to break everything down, line-by-line. You can grab a FREE essay outline HERE.

Are you looking for a fun, new way to teach the essay writing process? You might like to try using this interactive Essay Escape Room! While this resource can be used collaboratively as a team, it can also be used as an individual assignment to assess one's understanding of the various elements that are important to the essay writing structure. The activities covered in this escape resource cover a variety of elements: types of essays, parts of an essay, 5 paragraph format, thesis statements and important essay terms.

We hope that these tips and resources help you teach essay writing as effectively as possible in your secondary ELA classroom!

Check out these other great ELA resources:

Digital Collaboration Ideas for Distance and Hybrid Learning in the Secondary ELA Classroom

When I think about my teaching and instruction philosophies, I always come back to collaborative work. Since I like to focus on a hands-on, engaging approach to student learning in my high school English classroom, collaborative learning, and group assignments are the cornerstones of my classroom. Almost every day, I have my students work with a partner or in a small group for at least a small portion of the class.
Tips for engaging middle school ELA and high school English students in digital collaboration

Now, it is time to take some of the in-person collaboration digital. Encouraging digital collaboration in the classroom serves two purposes. First, it promotes student health and safety as we continue to persevere and teach during the COVID-19 pandemic. Secondly, digital collaboration helps provide students with a more real-world learning experience that will help them achieve college and career readiness.

So, while I’m not entirely ready to throw out the sticky notes, chart paper, and jumbo markers just yet, I am looking at ways to take in-person student collaboration digital.

Purpose of Collaboration

Before we can flush out ideas of the HOW to get students collaborating digitally, we first must look at, analyze, and understand the WHY of student collaboration in the first place. With student collaborative activities, students learn a new skill or concept, or students demonstrate their understanding of a skill or concept. 
Digital collaboration ideas for the secondary ELA classroom

Student collaboration has many benefits, including engagement, inclusivity, collaborative learning, scaffolded instruction, skill-building, and communication skill practice. When creating our lesson plans that include student collaboration, we must make sure that digital collaboration activities include some of these benefits. Otherwise, the work can quickly turn into busywork.

For digital collaboration, there are also two considerations teachers can make. Is the collaboration meant to be synchronous or asynchronous?

Synchronous Collaboration Ideas

Never underestimate the power of a Google Doc and real-time editing. A few years ago, I tried something new in my class: one shared Google Doc between one teacher and 35 students. At first, I shuddered at the thought of 35 sophomores, all editing the same document simultaneously. However, the result was amazing. By the end of the class period, students worked together, typing in their designated space, and collaborating to write the perfect sentence.

Making one Google Doc work for multiple students

There are several strategies teachers can use to make a Google Doc work for synchronous collaboration, even for whole-class collaboration, including color-coding and using tables.

Color-coding works best when each student selects their color to use for their contributions. There will always be some overlapping, but the use of multiple colors will show the collaborative process even with the overlapping.

Also, using tables and having each row numbered for a single student works too. This is one of my favorite options for synchronous digital collaboration. Since I have 36 students in my classes, I usually group my students into six different groups. Then, I create a Google Doc with six tables, each consisting of six rows so that every student has a dedicated space for whole-class, synchronous collaboration. To help you see how I do this, you can download this free digital collaboration document that provides teachers with multiple ideas about how to facilitate digital collaboration in the middle school or high school classroom. 

Digital collaboration ideas for the secondary ELA classroom

One way I plan to include digital collaboration in my distance learning and hybrid-model classrooms is through a collaborative analysis activity. I will place students into small groups (though they won’t be seated together), probably around four students, and assign a shared Google Doc to each group. Collaboratively, students will work through the Google Doc to analyze a short story, poem, or speech. Through collaborative work, students will work together to brainstorm various elements of the text. From there, I plan on moving the students to individual work to assess their knowledge. Individually, students will write a paragraph about the text. However, at any time, students can go back to the collaborative document to pull information and quotes to use in their writing. I currently have collaborative analysis lessons for theme, setting, conflict, characterization, and plot

Theme Literary Analysis Digital Collaboration Activity

Several years ago, when I was teaching my rhetorical analysis unit to my students, we completed a class rhetorical precis. All 35 of my sophomores were working and typing in one Google Doc at once. And yes, while it was a bit chaotic at first, students quickly adapted to the activity, and it worked well. With remote or hybrid teaching models, having all of your students in one Google Doc is a way to engage in whole-class collaboration.

Digital rhetorical analysis collaborative activity

Another way I plan to include digital collaboration in my classroom is through the use of group digital research projects to introduce thematic idea we will study. I started this collaborative approach several years ago when I had my sophomores complete a group research project before we read Night. I had students create groups of 3-4 people, and then each group researched a different topic related to Night. As they researched, students compiled a PowerPoint (yes, this is from THAT long ago) of the information to present to the class. Today, however, I have my students collaborate in a Google Slide. Google Slides is an excellent tool because students can work synchronously or asynchronously on the assignment. They can also chat in the discussion box. 

Digital Collaboration Ideas for Distance and Hybrid Learning in the Secondary ELA Classroom

Asynchronous Collaboration Ideas

The Google Suite is an excellent tool for educators because while it does provide for live collaboration opportunities, students can also collaborate at their convenience. If you are assigning any collaborative project for students to work on outside of class time, you’ll want to make sure that it is optimized for asynchronous student collaboration so that students can collaborate at a time that best suits their schedule and obligations outside of the school day.

Digital Collaboration Tools

  • Google Suite - this is one of the easiest and most versatile ways to collaborate digitally in the secondary ELA classroom. More than likely, you’ll stick with Docs and Slides most often.
  • Office 365 - if you aren’t a Google school, you’ll probably use the online version of Microsoft products for student collaboration.
  • Padlet - I love this site for digital gallery walks, sharing files, and posting digital projects. I have many of my students share their digital work, such as their graphic essays, to Padlet so that other students can see and comment on the work.
  • Adobe Spark - This is a great online tool that is free. With Adobe Spark, students can work together to make informative videos. However, it is only for asynchronous collaboration.
  • Flipgrid - This is an excellent tool for online video discussions. Teachers can create grids, and then each student responds with their own video response.

More Digital Collaboration Ideas:
Distance Learning and Student Engagement by Room 213
Reading Digital Escape Room by Nouvelle ELA
Digital Collaboration Ideas for Distance and Hybrid Learning in the Secondary ELA Classroom

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